In its first months of life the baby is fed exclusively with milk . You really do not need anything else and your body is not prepared to digest and assimilate other foods. However, by the sixth month, or when indicated by the pediatrician , you will have to start diversifying your diet by introducing cereal porridge and, when you take them well, the purees of fruits or vegetables (no matter starting with some or with others). Here we talk about vegetables : what can your child start taking, how to prepare them at their age, what nutrients they provide and what to do to accept them well.
Start mashing with fresh vegetables
First, keep in mind that you should use fresh vegetables , which have not been in the fridge for many days, and wash them very well under the tap (or submerging them in water with a few drops of bleach suitable for washing food), so that they have no remains of soil, insecticides or chemicals. Always keep your hands clean when preparing your purees, as well as the surfaces, cloths and instruments you use.
Step by Step
You can use a medium potato or a potato and a carrot.
Peel them, wash them, cut them into pieces and put them to cook in a saucepan with little water (pour them when it boils) or steam them (about 15 min.), Or in an express pot (about 6 min.), Just until they soften.
Remove the water, crush with the Chinese or passable to remove strands (or beat with the blender and pass it through a strainer), add a little broth so that the texture is finer and add a pinch of soft raw olive oil ( acidity 0.4), as recommended by the Spanish Association of Pediatrics.
Always after stirring and check that it is warm, give it a try.
Attention, do not add salt to your purees at least until you turn 1, so you do not overload your kidneys and, in addition, the baby likes bland.
Purees of all colors
When you have already taken this first puree, you can incorporate other vegetables, always one at a time , to identify if one feels bad (diarrhea, vomiting, redness of the skin, gut pain) and in that case remove it for a few months.
A new vegetable every week
Use 150 g of potato and 150 g of other vegetables. Putting those that take longer to cook before cooking, you can add to the cooking, one every week, the softest and most digestive vegetables: carrots, squash, zucchini, leek and green beans.
With each one separately, with the potato, the mash will come out of one color.
Attention: leave after 12 months spinach, chard and turnips, because of its high nitrate content, and vegetables with a strong flavor and flatulent: cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, asparagus and beet.
When to add meat or fish to baby puree
Other vegetables that you can incorporate are thistle and lettuce. Go making the purees somewhat thicker, if you take them well.
At 8 months , or before, you can start adding meat : chicken and turkey and then pork, veal, lamb and rabbit; Choose the tender parts, without nerves, and remove the skin.
And about 10 or 11 months ago, white fish (hake, sole, rooster …), the loin, without skin and, eye, removing the spines very well.
How baby purees are prepared
In both meat and fish, start with a small amount, about 20 grams (raw), and gradually increase it to 40 grams of meat or 60 fish, around the year of age.
Cook them separately, for example grilled, and mix with the cooked vegetables when crushed. Or add them to the cooking of the vegetables in the last 8 minutes.
Towards the year of age , a novelty: you can fry the vegetables before boiling them, they will be tastier.
You can also add cooked egg (the yolk at 11 months and the egg white at 13). Or grated cheese.
Now your child has to chew “stumbles” or lumps in the purees ; crush them a little less or even cháfalos with the fork (you will see at what rate, according to chew).
Tricks for the baby to accept the purees
If you flatly reject the first puree, don’t worry, try tomorrow. Start with a couple of tablespoons and if you reject it, don’t force it. The next day, give it three tablespoons and the same if you don’t want it. Little by little you will end up liking it.
A trick that sometimes works is to mix it with the milk you drink, breast or continuation, or even make it warm and give it to a bottle.
Another, start with the pots, which have a very soft texture, nice for babies.
And another: add orange juice, if you like, or banana …
Later, if you take “mania” to so elaborate purees, try to make some as at the beginning, only cooked and milk potato, or only carrot, which is sweeter …
How much puree should you take?
At first, it is worth with a couple of tablespoons. If you refuse in the round, try only the tip of a spoonful. If it doesn’t disgust, you can continue. When you start eating more, do not forget that babies like us, there are days when they have less appetite, or they feel more like eating other things …
The solution is to complete the puree with the breast or the bottle , at this age milk is still its main nutrient. A good serving of mashed potatoes for a baby up to 1 year old can be 150 grams. And about 2 years, 250 grams.
Keep in mind that vegetables provide many vitamins and minerals, each in different proportions, and that the best way to get this contribution is balanced is with the variety.
Keep, freeze and thaw your purees
You can reserve a part of the mash, if you think it will not take everything (so as not to contaminate it), and keep it in the tightly closed refrigerator for up to 48 hours. Heat it to the water bath.
It is very practical to make a more abundant puree and keep it frozen in portions: in ice cube trays, in egg cups or in 150 or 280 gram pots.
To defrost it, pass it the day before the fridge is fried and heat it in a water bath or in the microwave (always stirring and checking that there are no burning parts, before giving it to it). Do not freeze what you have thawed.
You can give them without problems. With the busy life we lead, packaged baby foods are great for solving some baby foods.
- They are regulated by a very strict quality standard: EU Regulation 609/2013.
- They do not carry artificial preservatives (they undergo a process to eliminate microorganisms) or chemical additives.
- Raw materials are free of pesticides and fertilizers from the source, more than those bought in the market.
- Its composition is balanced and appropriate for the age of your child.
The daily menu of a baby at 12 months
Around one year of age , thanks in large part to purees, your child’s diet will be much more diversified.
An orientation menu at this age can be …
- Breakfast: Chest or bottle (200-250 ml) or cereal porridge.
- Mid-morning: Cereal porridge (if not taken) and / or fruit.
- At noon: Vegetable puree with white meat or white fish. Fruit or dairy juice.
- At snack: Fruit porridge. Yogurt.
- For dinner: Mash or egg in tortillas or cereals.
- Before going to sleep: Chest or bottle of milk.